PNEC

2021 CONFERENCE SESSIONS

Tuesday, October 5, 2021
3:30 PM - 5:00 PM

This session will feature industry leaders from offshore wind developing companies who will discuss a range of timely topics, including an update on current and future US offshore wind projects, supply chain development, impact of the Biden administration, impetus of the energy transition, and stakeholder considerations.

Moderator: John Michael, Partner, Energy Transactions & Projects, Vinson & Elkins

Participants: Nick Prokopuk, Offshore Wind Business Developer, TotalEnergies Renewables USA
Jonah Margulis, SVP, US Operations, Aker Offshore Wind
Matt Sellers, VP Process Facilities, Kiewit Offshore Services          
Ruth Perry, Business Environment Advisor, Shell Renewables & Energy Solutions

 
5:00 PM - 6:30 PM
Network with exhibitors and colleagues.
 
Wednesday, October 6, 2021
7:00 AM - 8:00 AM
 
 
8:00 AM - 9:00 AM

Keynote Presentation: The Energy Transition:  How Industry Responds to the Call

Robert Abendschein
9:00 AM - 10:00 AM
 
 
10:00 AM - 10:30 AM

This presentation will provide an overview of the offshore market, including forecasted deepwater supply, challenges faced by the offshore industry, and opportunities for the industry going forward.

Sam Linder
10:30 AM - 11:00 AM

The human population of the planet is projected to peak at nearly 10 billion by late 2050s and settle at about 9 billion by 2100. For reference, the current population is 7.7 billion. The population growth will lead to significant burden on the water-energy-food nexus. It is envisioned that the so-called `blue-economy’ will increasingly contribute to the water-energy-food nexus over the coming decades and help sustain the population of the planet. The term `Blue economy (BE)’ represents a new perspective in commercial enterprise in maritime -- encompassing coastal, littoral and blue water – environment. Irrespective of the precise definition of the term blue-economy, its success depends upon intricate synergy between science, technology, ecology, economics, ethics and international policy. The talk will present a possible roadmap to rapidly develop and fully utilize the benefits of BE while being responsible stewards of the oceans. To engineer the blue economy, we need a new set of skills and tools. We present the concept of an Ocean Expert System which will not only enable us to engineer BE but also help make prudent choices that lead to safe, scalable and sustainable economy. The three main components of the expert system are: Ocean Data Repository, Integrated Digital Twins and Holistic Decision Dash Board. The details of these components and a possible transition strategy toward blue economy will be presented. A key component of this is retraining current off-shore workforce and retooling/adapting many of the current off-shore assets. While many uncertainties lay ahead, there is reason for much optimism provided bold, prudent and visionary actions to be taken in a timely manner.

Sharath Girimaji
11:00 AM - 11:30 AM

Chevron Gulf of Mexico’s Carbon Intensity Management (CIM) Strategy Framework was developed to provide a systematic methodology to annually assess greenhouse gas (GHG) intensity at its operated assets and generate an inventory of GHG mitigation opportunities. The Framework provides guidance on how to benchmark GHG intensity against external and internal peers. A cross-functional team was assembled (Operations, FE, Reliability, Maintenance, Wells, Logistics, MCP, and Strategy and Planning) to review the GHG data and brainstorm mitigation opportunities. The framework includes criteria to prioritize the list of GHG mitigation opportunities to focus on the most promising opportunities. Timing is aligned with the corporate funding cycle. The general CIM Strategy Framework Workflow: 1.Idea Origination 2.Idea Prioritization 3.Idea Framing and Decision 4.Funding Approval & Kick-off 5.Project Execution 6.Project Updates GHG Mitigation Categories include Energy Efficiency, Methane Emission Reduction, Flare Reduction, CCUS, Carbon Intensity Reduction, Renewable Energy, Other.

Mandie Bosch Kathy Sharp
1:00 PM - 1:30 PM

Normally Unattended Facilities (NUF) are emerging throughout the oil and gas industry. Compared to their conventionally manned counterparts, NUF facilities offer an opportunity to reduce costs (CAPEX as well as OPEX), lower greenhouse gas emissions, and reduce the number of offshore at-risk hours. It’s no longer a matter of ‘if’, but ‘when’, the industry’s first deepwater NUF production platform will be deployed. This presentation will provide a high-level overview of one operator’s efforts aimed at accelerating this future state while simultaneously leveraging the same work efforts to drive near-term business value.

David Hodapp Murphy Guillory

Digitalization is a recognized key enabler to achieve the ambitions for the topsides project. It is a prerequisite for other initiatives in realizing a low manned facility with efficient solutions for remote operations and efficient offshore maintenance. A shared digital twin during execution will make sure that suppliers, engineering contractor(s) and fabricator(s) work closely together on the same set of information.

We have defined a digital twin as “a digital representation of a physical (or to-be physical) asset. The digital representation provides both the elements and the dynamics of how an Internet of things device (e.g. sensors) operates and lives throughout its life cycle”. It comprehends digital engineering, digital supplier interaction, digital fabrication, and digital tools to facilitate remote inspections.

Digital engineering comprises the structure and granularity of the different databases used during project execution and the way the databases exchange information to become 1) a high-quality digital twin for the execution phase and 2) high quality input to the digital twin used during operation of the plant. A data centric approach must be taken from day one with a central multidiscipline engineering database being the single source for tagged objects and a multidiscipline 3D model being the single source of truth for bulk items and the physical properties of tagged objects. For example, automate the 3D design to the largest possible extent based on knowledge-based engineering systems, automatically transfer of documents and object information from contractor databases to client databases, supporting a continuous LCI process, provide paperless issue of IFC information to fabricator, offer overview of information across multiple database systems by the use of BI (Business Intelligence) and DWH (Data Ware House) technologies.

Digital execution of the fabrication process comprises the reception of engineering information (drawings and/or object information), reception and preservation of goods, pre-fabrication, erection/assembly and as built updating of the digital twin. It is crucial for fabrication to use the digital twin built during engineering for their fabrication and the fabricator should have the possibility to update the digital twin with as-built information. The 3D model should be available with close to real-time updates between all contractors. This is especially important between the fabrication- and the engineering offices. When design in the 3D model is defined as IFC (Issued For Construction) the right to modify this design (e.g. a piping area line) should be handed over to the fabricator. The fabricator can then perform it’s shop engineering and as-built updates directly in the 3D model.

Frontrunners in digital fabrication may also have digital twins of its yards, enabling effective combined

merging of the digital twin of the asset from engineering with the yard digital twin. This enables fabricator to

simulate project execution and optimization of building methods and yard logistics by using real time IoT to

gather real-time data from various sources.

Use of digital tools to facilitate remote inspections with capabilities to organize pre-inspection relevant documentation and documentation from inspections based on readily available hardware platforms (Smartphones, tablets, laptops), as well as vast reduction of inspection costs, reduced travel cost and lost travel time, increase frequency of short and specific inspections to avoid delays and quality cost.

Maria Bulakh
1:30 PM - 2:00 PM

Subsea leak detection capability has become more important to the offshore oil and gas industry in the past few years due to industry issues with subsea leaks and the inability to quickly identify these leaks. This has driven the industry to find solutions that better monitor and expedite determination of whether a subsea leak exists, minimizing the time to shut in affected infrastructure in the event a leak. Over a short period of time, a small team of experts at Tesla Solutions Inc. working for LLOG Exploration was able to establish new internal standards for subsea leak detection and implement on an operating facility, WhoDat, in the Gulf of Mexico. Understanding that BSEE may soon require systems to meet tighter standards, TSI anticipated, developed and implemented standards for a leak system that delivers a complete, repeatable program available to industry which included delivery of functional requirements, HMI screens and tools, operator training for the specific well(s)/flowline(s), ongoing monitoring of quarterly data while in operation allowing for continuous improvement, and annual testing of the system.

Marlon Tesla

As an industry, we must be leaner, faster, more cost-effective, and value-driven. This next step is thrusting us into the digital revolution. Digital twin aspiration begins with successful digital execution throughout the EPC project life cycle. If the conceptual phase is the forefront of all EPC projects’ journey, then the root of all projects’ data derives from Process engineering data. It is with this vital recognition that the critical path to a digital execution plan begins with digitally harvesting, integrating, and controlled propagating of Process engineering data from the conceptual phase to the detailed engineering phase and even on into operations. Jeremy Hall, Wood’s Senior Manager of Project Delivery Assurance, will present our journey to realizing this vision and the benefits that make this journey worth traveling.

Jeremy Hall
2:00 PM - 2:30 PM

A critical umbilical line that supplies methanol for both flow assurance purposes and SCSSV equalization to the King field ruptured at the top of the pull-in head on the Marlin TLP.  The King field is a 17 mile long subsea tieback to Oxy’s Marlin TLP and the umbilical is a single dedicated 1.5” OD carbon steel AMON tube to supply methanol to the King wells and flowlines.
The location of the failure of the methanol injection line was in a difficult to access location and left only inches of quality umbilical above the pull-in head which presented challenging potentials for repair solutions.  Methanol injection is also critical for flow assurance with longer duration shut-ins and the inability to pump methanol at high enough rates presented critical flow assurance challenges.
The team was able to design and implement a creative solution utilizing an internal slip connector and restore functionality in less than a month while overcoming several execution challenges during the operation.

Chet Molbert

Proponents of numerical towing tanks have long expected that they will overtake and even fully replace physical model testing. Yet 123 years after Michell published his paper on Thin Ship Theory, experimental testing tanks are still an integral part of the offshore design process. This talk focuses on the current state of the art of numerical modelling. Benefits such as the ability to model a wide range of designs, low capital investment and man-hours required as well as low turnaround time for results are well known. However, clearer direction regarding the accuracy and industry readiness is needed. In short: what models can be used when, and how do they hold up against data from experimental testing? It is easy to assume that experimental testing is more accurate due to its longer usage history and the ability to capture complex physical phenomena without resorting to assumptions about the flow. While this is true, scaling effects between tank models and their real applications are still non-trivial. Experimental facilities in the U.S. are also declining in numbers and are not updated with new technologies at the same rate seen in Asia and Europe. Does this mean that the U.S. is slipping globally; or could it just mean that we are ahead in the shift towards increased numerical tank usage? The talk will finish with a discussion on upcoming advances in numerical towing tanks and recommendations on how academia can push the envelope in a direction that is useful and applicable to direct industry usage.

Mirjam Furth
2:30 PM - 3:15 PM
 
 
3:15 PM - 3:45 PM

The emergency switchgear on Thunder Horse provides the critical power needed to safely shut-in, evacuate, and start-up the facility.  This switchgear was due for its 10-year preventative maintenance.  This work is considered critical because emergency bus failure could hinder evacuation during an emergency as well as force a production shut-in for over 6 months due to hydrate formation in the subsea infrastructure.  The presentation will cover the strategy utilized to leverage a forced shut-in from an approaching hurricane to avoid a future production deferral.

Nicholas Isaacs

The Bullwinkle GC-65A platform was upgraded throughout the last 20 years in a piecemeal approach, such that nine Programmable Logic Controllers (PLC) were integrated together in a haphazard fashion.   Process and safety functions were both physically and logically comingled together with no redundancy.  The complex interrelationship of nine obsolete and overloaded PLC(s) contributed to a continuous and unacceptable large number of nuisance shutdowns.  Shutdown durations were exacerbated by the system complexity.   The PLC Upgrade Project replaced the existing PLC(s) and PLC network with a dual/redundant set of process and safety PLC(s).  The new PLC(s) were arranged in a redundant fiber optic Ethernet ring with star hubs at each of the existing field panels / Local Control Panels (LCP).  Remote I/O (RIO) adapters were installed in each field panel using CAT6 Ethernet cabling in lieu of the legacy Data Highway Plus wiring.  The PLC logic (software) was reverse engineered from the existing code and validated against the current platform installed hardware.  Obsolete, Out Of Service (OOS), and decommissioned equipment was removed from the PLC software to create a clean install without useless overhead logic.  Existing Redi-Panels and Panelviews were removed and five new HMI LCP(s) were installed to support deck/local monitoring by operations, but set to read-only.   In addition to the hardware upgrade, the platform HMI and Historian were also upgraded to support the new software.  Stand-alone skid packages (e.g.: compressor) were also incorporated into the HMI to allow full operator surveillance and control of the entire production system.  The new system modified the existing field intensive monitoring and control to a central control room operator with oversight responsibility for the entire platform.  The design life of the new system is expected to be 20 years.

Michael Kinzel
3:45 PM - 4:15 PM

Fabric Maintenance cost is a significant operation expense for facility operators in the deepwater environment. It often represents a consistently engaged maintenance contingent dedicated to the maintenance of structure and base materials due to the effects of corrosion. To address this issue, Chevron has partnered with Hempel and has developed a water repellent coating system that significantly extends the service life of protective coatings. The presentation will discuss the development efforts of the coating system, how it is differentiated from existing coating systems, its successful use on deepwater assets and the view for the expanded use of the coating system in the industry.

Benjamin Chalonergill

With increasing regulatory requirements, increasing labor and material cost and heighted personnel safety awareness, the Deepwater Offshore Industry has started a move to un-man floating production facilities and utility platforms. Once thought to be impossible, these new concepts are gaining momentum with both producers and regulators. This presentation will review some of the work done to date on Normally Unmanned Facilities (NUF), as well as provide options being considered, such as: 1) All electric facilities with power from Host 2) Subsea chemical storage 3) Use of robots for basic daily functions 4) Walk-to-Work vessels for periodic inspections, maintenance and supply The NUF concept, when certified and deployed, will provide lower life cycle cost as well as improved safety by use of remote operations and control.

Stafford Menard
4:15 PM - 4:45 PM

Achieving highly reliable operations is a goal for most organizations, but few manage to realize it. Equipment failures on offshore platforms have significant financial impacts, yet we continue to follow a similar course which has so far produced sub-standard results. This presentation demonstrates the actions a Gulf of Mexico operator has so far taken in their reliability journey, with some highlights of successes already realized, and plans to complete the journey. Beginning with a discussion of hierarchy and master asset list creation along with asset criticality ranking, we will explore how beginning with the end in mind helps establish the CMMS data population requirements for assets. We will also show how this data can be used to aid business decision processes and to drive continuous improvement efforts. We will continue with a basic overview of reliability centered maintenance, highlighting success stories from the operator’s viewpoint as the work progressed. We will conclude with future efforts to identify spare parts and stock them appropriately, and how all these efforts align with a data-driven future state.

Francisco Ruiz Mark West

bp has 4 floating production platforms in Gulf of Mexico under various harsh marine environments. Fatigue cracking or excessive corrosion at hull, riser hull pipe, and mooring pose a unique challenge for integrity management program and field Life Extension (LE) projects. bp Floating Systems and Subsea teams partnered with vendors to validate several latest technologies and implemented the proven ones to support engineering assessment and critical business decisions with reliable inspection data. 
1.Developed a chain 3D scan strategy for mooring inspection program based on a deep dive of industry tools’ capability and limitation.  With the inputs from National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), bp validated the accuracy and reliability for underwater 3D photogrammetry and above water 3D laser scanner tools through extensive tank/lab tests and a field trial. Testing results helped finalizing our chain measurement strategy for LE projects based on industry capability and selecting the preferred vendors. The 3D surface scan results for chain links are the most critical inspection data for supporting mooring chain strength and fatigue assessment in our LE projects.
2.Enhanced the detectability of underwater surface indications and cracks to support LE decision. bp worked closely with a preferred vendor to calibrate the reliability, accuracy, and detectability of an Alternative Current Field Measurement (ACFM) tool operated by a crawler for weld surface crack detection. Crawler driven ACFM tool unlocks our capability of reliably inspecting  underwater surface indications or cracks, which mitigates safety risks by using a traditional diving NDT approach.  
3.Successfully implemented drone and robotic crawler tools for close visual inspection of above water riser hull pipes and deck box bottom areas. Traditionally, those tasks were performed by rope access technicians. The use of robotic crawler and drone solved the accessibility limitation for inspection and eliminated the safety risks by removing rope access requirement.
Rapid inspection technology progress is observed in the Oil and Gas (O&S) sector. Many technologies might not be thoroughly evaluated to understand their capabilities and limitations. We believe that partnering with industry vendors and integrating the proven technologies enable us to continually improve inspection efficiency and reduce personnel safety risks, which is critical to support bp’s transformation into a resilient hydrocarbon business.

Jiandao Zhu
4:30 PM - 6:00 PM
Network with exhibitors and colleagues.
 
Thursday, October 7, 2021
7:00 AM - 8:00 AM
 
 
8:00 AM - 8:30 AM

Chevron's Gulf of Mexico flow assurance has assessed the risk tolerance on hydrate mitigation throughout the 2020 and 2021 in both operations in-field and export pipelines and major capital project decision making. The philosophy has changed to increasing the tolerance of hydrate formation and focused on reducing hydrate plugging in subsea environments. A detailed work scope was planned for each quarter to ensure any alignment opportunities were addressed between assets and new projects. The flow assurance team addressed salinity, gas-oil-ratio (GOR), stabilized fluids, and duration in hydrate formation region to dictate the need for hydrate mitigation. Opportunities addressed include stabilized fluid testing, reducing LDHI injection via qualification and methanol, injecting methanol outside of no touch time requirements, optimizing hot oil circulation during start-up, sharing lessons with capital projects and ensuring proper operational training is put in place. This change in philosophy has reduced chemical cost, improved water quality, extended topside equipment capability, reduced LPO and reduced CAPEX cost for Deepwater facilities.

Olivia Tati

A review of Fieldwood’s Ichalkil and Pokoch project, one of the first developments approved by the CNH for an IOC in Mexico, and the development of the 5th largest field offshore Mexico. A further review of the challenges associated with engineering, procurement, construction, offshore installation and operations as an IOC in Mexico.

Bart Neighbors
8:30 AM - 9:00 AM

St. Malo water injection project was in the procurement phase when the global pandemic caused a lockdown at all supplier’s facilities.  Auditing the fabrication of major packages came to a halt due to the travel restrictions and social distancing rules that followed.  Consequently, Chevron and its suppliers began implementing various digital solutions to overcome the pandemic obstacles and continue with the fabrication milestones.  The process of using a combination of remote collaboration software and secure live web feed not only enabled the witnessing FATs and hold points, but also enhanced the outcome of these activities.  The experience of using these technologies has led to a new rethinking of ways to augment the outcome of future project execution using a variety of digital tools.

Al Elrabaa Neville Rutter

Hazard Identification, consequence evaluation, risk mitigation analysis, and management of effective safeguards are key to effective safety risk management. The oil and gas industry, in its quest to achieve safer operations, has developed several risk assessment techniques that prescribe the addition of safeguards, usually safety systems, as the primary means to mitigate risk. This has led to complexity and not necessarily safer facilities as evidenced by a trail of high profile process safety incidents. High profile incidents with associated asset losses, increased public concern on safety issues and changes to regulatory expectations have driven the industry to consider inherently safer design (ISD) options. Chevron, on its journey to achieve world class operations, has adopted and deployed ISD principles during the execution of major capital projects (MCPs). As early as the alternatives generation stage of a MCP, projects rigorously evaluate options that allow for a more simple, safer, fit-for-purpose and cost-effective facility design. This presentation is based on the systematic application of ISD principles in Gulf of Mexico (GOM) MCPs. It will share examples of how ISD was applied and how it evolved through the various phases of MCPs. The benefits of ISD application including reduction in the potential for human error and CAPEX and/or OPEX cost reduction by right-sizing safeguards will be discussed. Several examples will be provided where the typical design solution involved add-on safety features and how alternative ISD solutions were successfully applied. The presentation will share insights into the implementation of systems and processes to deliver a cohesive project strategy, challenges, trade-offs associated with implementation of ISD and best practices to drive disciplined ISD application for successful execution.

Karel Schnebele Bebe Kueh
9:00 AM - 9:30 AM

GOM Deepwater production operations are significant and expanding with capital projects. Deepwater production operations present fundamental challenges to successful chemical treating oil, water, and gas with limited retention but often large volumes. A successful Deepwater chemical management process engineering strategy leads to increased production reliability.

This presentation communicates the practicable, yet crucial components of managing reliable Deepwater chemical treating program’s philosophy. This presentation focuses on value, not just chemical costs, including safety, chemical management team process, operational excellence, actual Deepwater chemical optimization case histories, and financial performance.

Dave Barbin

Responsible Recycling – A selected business practice The intent is to present how a new approach to Recycling redundant production facilities can be improved worldwide and specifically North America. Companies can choose new options for recycling facilities, options that provide increased environmental protection, improve health and safety, ensuring waste is appropriately managed and developing methods to ensure business is contributing to a sustainable future.

Gerald Sheehan
9:30 AM - 10:15 AM
 
 
10:15 AM - 10:45 AM

In a broad sense safety culture can be defined as a group of socio-psychological factors that determines organizational commitment to safety. One way of thinking about safety culture is “what we do when no one is looking”. Trying to measure and therefore manage “what we do when no one is looking” behavior represents a challenge. This challenge is particularly visible in highly fragmented industry segments such as offshore facilities where many of the standard activities are planned and executed by third-party contractors, hired part-time workers, and/or onshore-based specialized teams. In such environment, the question is not only how to measure the factors that contribute to and define safety culture, but also what safety culture are we trying to measure? Owners? Contractors? Specialized teams? By considering this viewpoint on safety culture two specific issues arise: 1) How can one assess the blend of safety cultures in ad hoc (project) teams? and 2) How does contractors’ project culture affects safety culture? The answers to these two questions hold the key to better understanding of what the current safety culture is and what needs to get done to improve it. In this presentation we discuss the methods the contractors and offshore facility operators can use to align their success factors and defines the culture that promotes safety.

Ivan Damnjanovic
10:45 AM - 11:15 AM

Representing BSEE on All Things Safety in the Gulf of Mexico. This presentation covers recent incident and INC data, Risk Based Inspections, SEMS, and Safety Alerts. The broad focus of this presentation is to reach out to our stakeholders and share recent BSEE trend analysis, safety related data, and discuss what that data is leading the Bureau to address.

Jason Mathews
11:15 AM - 11:45 AM

Captain Matt Denning, USCG D8 OCS OCMI, will discuss topics of interest to the U.S. Coast Guard covering a wide range of topics related to Safety, Security, Environmental Protection, and interagency partnership.

Matthew Denning

For more information, download the preliminary event guide here